Como configurar o SCAN no 11gR2

Single client access name (SCAN) is introduced in Oracle 11g R2 Cluster Ready Software(CRS) to simplify the database connection strings that an Oracle Client uses to connect to an Oracle Cluster Database. I have received a few emails about SCAN setup issues and I have promised that I would come up with an article addressing the following questions:

  1. What is SCAN in Oracle 11g R2 RAC?
  2. How does SCAN work ?
  3. How to setup DNS for Oracle 11g R2 SCAN?
  4. How to setup GNS for Oracle 11g R2 SCAN?
  5. How to install Oracle 11g R2 RAC without SCAN Setup in DNS or GNS?
  6. How to move SCAN from DNS to /etc/hosts?
  7. How to move SCAN from /etc/hosts to DNS?
  8. How to rename SCAN in Cluster?
  9. How to rename SCAN Port in Cluster?

What is SCAN in Oracle 11g R2 RAC?

Single client access name (SCAN) is meant to facilitate single name for all Oracle clients to connect to the cluster database, irrespective of number of nodes and node location. Until now, we have to keep adding multiple address records in all clients tnsnames.ora, when a new node gets added to or deleted from the cluster.

Client TNS Entry in pre 11gR2 RAC environments:

[oid1@rac1 admin]$cat tnsnames.ora 
OIDDB =
(DESCRIPTION =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521))   
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521))   
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = oid.freeoraclehelp.com)
   )
)

[oid1@rac1 admin]$tnsping oiddb

TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 14:21:18

Copyright (c) 1997, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Used parameter files:

Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521)) (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME = oid.freeoraclehelp.com)))
OK (10 msec)
[oid1@rac1 admin]$sqlplus system@oiddb

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Thu Dec 15 14:21:32 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter password: 

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL>

As you see above, we got to list all the addresses of all DB nodes. If the cluster has got more than cluster nodes, we got to list each and every node out here. This need to be updated when a new node is added or existing node is removed.

OIDDB =
(DESCRIPTION =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac3-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521))
(ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = rac4-vip.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521))
….
….

(CONNECT_DATA =
(SERVER = DEDICATED)
(SERVICE_NAME = oid.freeoraclehelp.com)
)
)

This is big problem when the cluster has many nodes and end user application makes connections to the databases. SCAN would help us easily manage the DB Connection strings in Client tnsnames.ora files. Here is how a SCAN entry would appear:

[oid1@rac1 admin]$cat tnsnames.ora
OIDDB =
(DESCRIPTION =
  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = scan.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521))   
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = oid.freeoraclehelp.com)
   )
)

[oid1@rac1 admin]$tnsping oiddb

TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 14:37:16

Copyright (c) 1997, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Used parameter files:

Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = scan.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME = oid.freeoraclehelp.com)))
OK (0 msec)
[oid1@rac1 admin]$
[oid1@rac1 admin]$sqlplus system@OIDDB

SQL*Plus: Release 11.2.0.2.0 Production on Thu Dec 15 14:37:28 2011

Copyright (c) 1982, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Enter password: 

Connected to:
Oracle Database 11g Enterprise Edition Release 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Data Mining and Real Application Testing options

SQL>

So, you would see only one SCAN ADDRESS in tnsnames.ora files no matter how many nodes in the cluster are.

  (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = scan.freeoraclehelp.com)(PORT = 1521)) 

How does SCAN work ?

SCAN is a GSD resource, which is managed by CRS. So, SCAN is pretty much aware of what’s going on in the cluster.  Though Oracle documentation suggests that SCAN is a recommendation, but its a kind of mandatory as Oracle 11gR2 OUI would not proceed without it. SCAN is on top of VIPs, but you can directly connect to the local listener if you would like to bypass SCAN in client’s tnsnames.ora. Clients use SCAN name in tnsnames.ora to make the DB connection. SCAN Listener would forward the request to local listener that’s running on VIPs.

Oracle 11gR2 SCAN load balancing

You would see these redirections at the SQLPLUS trace below.

connect(6, {sa_family=AF_FILE, path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
connect(6, {sa_family=AF_FILE, path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
connect(8, {sa_family=AF_FILE, path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
connect(8, {sa_family=AF_FILE, path="/var/run/nscd/socket"}, 110) = -1 ENOENT (No such file or directory)
connect(8, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(0), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.10")}, 16) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(1521), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.23")}, 16) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(1521), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.24")}, 16) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(1521), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.25")}, 16) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(53), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.20")}, 28) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(0), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.24")}, 16) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(0), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.25")}, 16) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(0), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.23")}, 16) = 0
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(1521), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.25")}, 16) = -1 EINPROGRESS (Operation now in progress)
connect(9, {sa_family=AF_INET, sin_port=htons(1521), sin_addr=inet_addr("192.168.1.11")}, 16) = -1 EINPROGRESS (Operation now in progress)

192.168.1.25 is one of the SCAN IPs and 192.168.1.11 is the VIP of the first RAC node.

[oid1@rac1 ~]$ nslookup 192.168.1.11
Server:         192.168.1.20
Address:        192.168.1.20#53

11.1.168.192.in-addr.arpa       name = rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com.

[oid1@rac1 ~]$ nslookup 192.168.1.25
Server:         192.168.1.20
Address:        192.168.1.20#53

25.1.168.192.in-addr.arpa       name = scan.freeoraclehelp.com.

[oid1@rac1 ~]$ nslookup scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Server:         192.168.1.20
Address:        192.168.1.20#53

Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.25
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.23
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.24

[oid1@rac1 ~]$

So, SCAN needs to resolve to one to three IP addresses with the same name. Oracle recommends using three IP Addresses for SCAN in DNS. There would be three SCAN listeners only, though the cluster has got dozens of nodes. SCAN listeners would be started from GRID Oracle Home, not the database/rdbms home. Since its part of a grid, this can be used for all the database in the cluster. So, we don’t to run netca to create listeners in DB Homes anymore. If the default port, 1521, is used, Oracle instances (PMON) automatically registers with the SCAN listener. Here is a quick look at Oracle documentation’s load balancing flow with SCAN:

Oracle 11gR2 SCAN load balancing
  1. PMON process of each instance registers the database services with the default listener on the local node and with each SCAN listener, which is specified by the REMOTE_LISTENER database parameter.
  2. Oracle client connects using SCAN name: myscan:1521/sales.example.com
  3. Client queries DNS to resolve scan_name.
  4. SCAN listener selects least loaded node (node in this example)
  5. The client connects to the local listener on node2. The local listener starts a dedicated server process for the connection to the database.
  6. The client connects directly to the dedicated server process on node2 and accesses the sales2 database instance.
SQL> show parameter local_listener

NAME                    TYPE        VALUE
--------------------   ---------    --------- 
local_listener          string     (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)
       (HOST=192.168.1.11)(PORT=1521))))

SQL> show parameter remote_listener

NAME                    TYPE        VALUE
--------------------   ---------    --------- 
remote_listener        string      scan.freeoraclehelp.com:1521
SQL>

After the installation, two SCAN listeners would be started on one node and another SCAN listener on another node in a two node cluster.

[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl config scan
SCAN name: scan.freeoraclehelp.com, Network: 1/192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0/eth0
SCAN VIP name: scan1, IP: /scan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.25
SCAN VIP name: scan2, IP: /scan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.23
SCAN VIP name: scan3, IP: /scan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.24
[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl config scan_listener
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN1 exists. Port: TCP:1521
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN2 exists. Port: TCP:1521
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN3 exists. Port: TCP:1521
[grid@rac1 ~]$crsctl stat res -w "TYPE = ora.scan_listener.type"
NAME=ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr
TYPE=ora.scan_listener.type
TARGET=ONLINE
STATE=ONLINE on rac1

NAME=ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr
TYPE=ora.scan_listener.type
TARGET=ONLINE
STATE=ONLINE on rac2

NAME=ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr
TYPE=ora.scan_listener.type
TARGET=ONLINE
STATE=ONLINE on rac2

[grid@rac1 ~]$

[grid@rac1 ~]$ps -ef|grep tnsl
oracle    6873     1  0 13:11 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER_SCAN1 -inherit
oracle    6892     1  0 13:11 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit
[grid@rac1 ~]$

[grid@rac1 ~]$lsnrctl status LISTENER_SCAN1

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 15:13:48

Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER_SCAN1
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date                15-DEC-2011 13:11:15
Uptime                    0 days 2 hr. 2 min. 33 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac1/listener_scan1/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.25)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "oid.freeoraclehelp.com" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "oid1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "oid2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[grid@rac1 ~]$

[grid@rac2 ~]$ps -ef|grep tnsl
oracle    5830     1  0 12:38 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER_SCAN3 -inherit
oracle    5833     1  0 12:38 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER_SCAN2 -inherit
oracle    5836     1  0 12:38 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit
oracle    7423  7372  0 15:14 pts/1    00:00:00 grep tnsl
[grid@rac2 ~]$

[grid@rac2 ~]$lsnrctl status LISTENER_SCAN2

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 15:14:04

Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN2)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER_SCAN2
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date                15-DEC-2011 12:38:45
Uptime                    0 days 2 hr. 35 min. 19 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac2/listener_scan2/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN2)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.23)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "oid.freeoraclehelp.com" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "oid1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "oid2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[grid@rac2 ~]$lsnrctl status LISTENER_SCAN3

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 15:14:06

Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN3)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER_SCAN3
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date                15-DEC-2011 12:38:45
Uptime                    0 days 2 hr. 35 min. 21 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac2/listener_scan3/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN3)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.24)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "oid.freeoraclehelp.com" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "oid1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "oid2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[grid@rac2 ~]$

How to setup DNS for Oracle 11g R2 SCAN?

Oracle recommends three IP Addresses be used for SCAN. SCAN setup has become a big problem for RAC Setups at home or test environments.. especially where there is no real DNS Server in the network. If you’re trying to set up 11gR2 RAC at home on VMWare, Oracle Virtualbox, Oracle VM, Xen..etc, you probably hit this situation. Oracle 11gR2 RAC SCAN – DNS (bind) Configuration on Linux would explain setting up a DNS daemon on one of the RAC nodes. Of course, you wouldn’t want to run bind in your production RAC nodes. You would have DNS Administrator add three A records for the same name, SCAN.  Once DNS is set up, make sure that all three A records are returned in nslookup.

[oid1@rac1 ~]$ nslookup scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Server:         192.168.1.20
Address:        192.168.1.20#53

Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.25
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.23
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.24

[oid1@rac1 ~]$

How to setup GNS for Oracle 11g R2 SCAN?

Grid Naming Service (GNS) is another new service introduced in Oracle RAC 11g R2. With GNS, Oracle Cluster Software (CRS) can manage DHCP and DNS Services for the dynamic node registration and configuration. If you’re go to use GNS for the cluster, you should set up a different subdomain in the main DNS Server and delegate name lookups in the subdomain to GNS. For example, if your company domain is freeoraclehelp.com, you’re going to create grid.freeoraclehelp.com in the DNS Servers of freeoraclehelp.com and delegate lookups for grid.freeoraclehelp.com to GNS VIP.

# Delegate to GNS Server in DNS Servers
grid.freeoraclehelp.com NS gnsvip.freeoraclehelp.com
# Address Record for the GNS VIP
gnsvip.freeoraclehelp.com. 192.168.1.31

Once subdomain is complete, lookups for the subdomain names from the main domain would be forwarded to GNS Services. You would be entering the subdomain name and GNS VIP during the Grid Infrastructure installation.

Oracle 11gR2 SCAN GNS Configuration

Oracle 11gR2 RAC Installation with GNS, without SCAN explains the Oracle 11g R2 RAC installation with GNS.

How to install Oracle 11g R2 RAC without SCAN Setup in DNS or GNS?

This is mostly suited in three tier web environments where end users would not connect to the database directly and Application Servers can use Local listener Connections (10g like connections over VIPs). So, you would not see much benefits using SCAN here.  Whatever may be your reasons, if you’d like to use SCAN from hosts file (no DNS changes or No GNS Setup), here is how to do that.

If you would like to Install Oracle 11g R2 RAC without SCAN setup in DNS, you would need to create an entry in /etc/hosts for the scan name to point to a different IP address (other than Public IP, Private IP, and VIP addresses) and supply this name for SCAN Prompts during the installation. Make sure that you pick the new IP address in the same subnet as that of VIP addresses and that it is not currently in use.

[root@rac1 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail.
127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost
# Public
192.168.1.10   rac1.freeoraclehelp.com     rac1
192.168.1.20   rac2.freeoraclehelp.com     rac2
#Private
192.168.2.10   rac1-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac1-priv
192.168.2.20   rac2-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac2-priv
#Virtual
192.168.1.11   rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac1-vip
192.168.1.22   rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac2-vip
#SCAN Entry
192.168.1.25   scan.freeoraclehelp.com   scan
[root@rac1 ~]#

This would let you proceed with the installation, however would hit the following error in Cluster Verify Utility, which runs after the installation is complete. Of course, you can ignore this error safely if you’re using SCAN entry from hosts file.

INFO: PRVF-4664 : Found inconsistent name resolution entries for SCAN name "scan.freeoraclehelp.com"
INFO: ERROR:
INFO: PRVF-4657 : Name resolution setup check for "scanclunm" (IP address: 192.168.1.25) failed
INFO: ERROR:
INFO: PRVF-4664 : Found inconsistent name resolution entries for SCAN name "scan.freeoraclehelp.com"

How to move SCAN from DNS to /etc/hosts?

After the installation of the cluster with DNS SCAN name, If you need to switch from DNS SCAN name to local /etc/hosts entry SCAN Name, here are steps. Of course, you cannot have multiple IP addresses in hosts file. So, it would be resolved to only one IP address in this method.

1. Stop the SCAN: Source Grid home, srvctl stop scan_listener, and srvctl stop scan then.

[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl stop scan
PRCR-1065 : Failed to stop resource ora.scan1.vip
CRS-2529: Unable to act on 'ora.scan1.vip' because that would require stopping or relocating 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN1.lsnr', but the force option was not specified
PRCR-1065 : Failed to stop resource ora.scan2.vip
CRS-2529: Unable to act on 'ora.scan2.vip' because that would require stopping or relocating 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN2.lsnr', but the force option was not specified
PRCR-1065 : Failed to stop resource ora.scan3.vip
CRS-2529: Unable to act on 'ora.scan3.vip' because that would require stopping or relocating 'ora.LISTENER_SCAN3.lsnr', but the force option was not specified

Stop the scan_listener first and then stop scan resource

[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl stop scan_listener
[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl stop scan
[grid@rac1 ~]$ps -ef|grep tnsl
oracle    6892     1  0 13:11 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit
oracle    6940     1  0 13:11 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/10.2.0/rdbms/bin/tnslsnr OID_RAC1 -inherit
[grid@rac1 ~]$

2. Add an entry in /etc/hosts file for SCAN name:

[root@rac2 ~]# nslookup scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Server:         192.168.1.20
Address:        192.168.1.20#53

Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.25
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.23
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.24

[root@rac2 ~]# vi /etc/resolv.conf 

#nameserver 192.168.1.20  # Second RAC Node
nameserver 192.168.1.1   # Primary DNS in the domain
search freeoraclehelp.com # Local Domain

[root@rac1 ~]# vi /etc/resolv.conf 

#nameserver 192.168.1.20  # Second RAC Node
nameserver 192.168.1.1   # Primary DNS in the domain
search freeoraclehelp.com # Local Domain

[root@rac2 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail.
127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain   localhost
# Public
192.168.1.10   rac1.freeoraclehelp.com     rac1
192.168.1.20   rac2.freeoraclehelp.com     rac2
#Private
192.168.2.10   rac1-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac1-priv
192.168.2.20   rac2-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac2-priv
#Virtual
192.168.1.11   rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac1-vip
192.168.1.22   rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac2-vip
#SCAN Entry
192.168.1.25   scan.freeoraclehelp.com   scan
[root@rac2 ~]# 

[root@rac1 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail.
127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost
# Public
192.168.1.10   rac1.freeoraclehelp.com     rac1
192.168.1.20   rac2.freeoraclehelp.com     rac2
#Private
192.168.2.10   rac1-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac1-priv
192.168.2.20   rac2-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac2-priv
#Virtual
192.168.1.11   rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac1-vip
192.168.1.22   rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac2-vip
#SCAN Entry
192.168.1.25   scan.freeoraclehelp.com   scan
[root@rac1 ~]# 

[root@rac1 ~]# nslookup scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Server:         192.168.1.1
Address:        192.168.1.1#53

** server can't find scan.freeoraclehelp.com: NXDOMAIN

[root@rac1 ~]# ping scan.freeoraclehelp.com
PING scan.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.25) 56(84) bytes of data.
From rac1.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.10) icmp_seq=0 Destination Host Unreachable
From rac1.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.10) icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
From rac1.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.10) icmp_seq=2 Destination Host Unreachable

--- scan.freeoraclehelp.com ping statistics ---
4 packets transmitted, 0 received, +3 errors, 100% packet loss, time 3027ms
, pipe 4
[root@rac1 ~]# 

[root@rac2 ~]#  nslookup scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Server:         192.168.1.1
Address:        192.168.1.1#53

** server can't find scan.freeoraclehelp.com: NXDOMAIN

[root@rac2 ~]# ping scan.freeoraclehelp.com
PING scan.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.25) 56(84) bytes of data.
From rac2.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.20) icmp_seq=0 Destination Host Unreachable
From rac2.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.20) icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable
From rac2.freeoraclehelp.com (192.168.1.20) icmp_seq=2 Destination Host Unreachable

--- scan.freeoraclehelp.com ping statistics ---
11 packets transmitted, 0 received, +9 errors, 100% packet loss, time 10071ms
, pipe 4
[root@rac2 ~]#

3. Configure the Cluster to take the new VIPs
As root user on one of the cluster nodes (not needed on both the nodes):

[root@rac1 ~]# /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/srvctl modify scan -n scan.freeoraclehelp.com

As grid user on one of the cluster nodes (not needed on both the nodes):

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl modify scan_listener -u
[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start scan_listener

Verify that only one SCAN Listener is started and IP is right.

[grid@rac1 ~]$ps -ef|grep tnsl
oracle    7961     1  0 15:44 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit
oracle    9148  4994  0 16:10 pts/2    00:00:00 grep tnsl
[grid@rac1 ~]$

[grid@rac2 ~]$ps -ef|grep tnsl
oracle    9014     1  0 15:52 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit
oracle    9451     1  0 16:10 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER_SCAN1 -inherit
oracle    9463  7372  0 16:10 pts/1    00:00:00 grep tnsl
[grid@rac2 ~]$lsnrctl status LISTENER_SCAN1

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 16:10:39

Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER_SCAN1
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date                15-DEC-2011 16:10:14
Uptime                    0 days 0 hr. 0 min. 25 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac2/listener_scan1/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.25)(PORT=1521)))
The listener supports no services
The command completed successfully
[grid@rac2 ~]$

[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl config scan
SCAN name: scan.freeoraclehelp.com, Network: 1/192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0/eth0
SCAN VIP name: scan1, IP: /scan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.25
[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl config scan_listener
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN1 exists. Port: TCP:1521
[grid@rac1 ~]$

How to move SCAN from /etc/hosts to DNS?

After the installation of the cluster with SCAN with one IP address in /etc/hosts, If you need to switch to DNS SCAN, here are steps.

1. Stop the SCAN: Source Grid home, srvctl stop scan_listener, and srvctl stop scan then.

[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl stop scan_listener
[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl stop scan

2. Remove/comment the entry in /etc/hosts file for SCAN and setup a DNS name with multiple A (three A records), if it is not already setup. I have the SCAN setup in a DNS server that runs on the second cluster node. I just have to use it (in resolv.conf). For more information about DNS Setup, refer to How to setup DNS for Oracle 11g R2 SCAN?

[root@rac1 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail.
127.0.0.1               localhost.localdomain localhost
# Public
192.168.1.10   rac1.freeoraclehelp.com     rac1
192.168.1.20   rac2.freeoraclehelp.com     rac2
#Private
192.168.2.10   rac1-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac1-priv
192.168.2.20   rac2-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac2-priv
#Virtual
192.168.1.11   rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac1-vip
192.168.1.22   rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac2-vip
#SCAN Entry
#192.168.1.25   scan.freeoraclehelp.com   scan
[root@rac1 ~]# 

[root@rac2 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
# Do not remove the following line, or various programs
# that require network functionality will fail.
127.0.0.1       localhost.localdomain   localhost
# Public
192.168.1.10   rac1.freeoraclehelp.com     rac1
192.168.1.20   rac2.freeoraclehelp.com     rac2
#Private
192.168.2.10   rac1-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac1-priv
192.168.2.20   rac2-priv.freeoraclehelp.com  rac2-priv
#Virtual
192.168.1.11   rac1-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac1-vip
192.168.1.22   rac2-vip.freeoraclehelp.com   rac2-vip
#SCAN Entry
#192.168.1.25   scan.freeoraclehelp.com   scan
[root@rac2 ~]# 

[root@rac2 ~]# vi /etc/resolv.conf 

nameserver 192.168.1.20  # Second RAC Node
nameserver 192.168.1.1   # Primary DNS in the domain
search freeoraclehelp.com # Local Domain

[root@rac1 ~]# vi /etc/resolv.conf 

nameserver 192.168.1.20  # Second RAC Node
nameserver 192.168.1.1   # Primary DNS in the domain
search freeoraclehelp.com # Local Domain

[root@rac2 ~]# nslookup scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Server:         192.168.1.20
Address:        192.168.1.20#53

Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.25
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.23
Name:   scan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.24

3. Configure the Cluster to take the new VIPs
As root user on one of the cluster nodes (not needed on both the nodes):

[root@rac1 ~]# /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/srvctl modify scan -n scan.freeoraclehelp.com

As grid user on one of the cluster nodes (not needed on both the nodes):

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl modify scan_listener -u
[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start scan_listener

Verify that configuration is right and three SCAN listeners are started.

[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl config scan
SCAN name: scan.freeoraclehelp.com, Network: 1/192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0/eth0
SCAN VIP name: scan1, IP: /scan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.25
SCAN VIP name: scan2, IP: /scan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.23
SCAN VIP name: scan3, IP: /scan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.24
[grid@rac1 ~]$srvctl config scan_listener
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN1 exists. Port: TCP:1521
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN2 exists. Port: TCP:1521
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN3 exists. Port: TCP:1521
[grid@rac1 ~]$ps -ef|grep tnsl
oracle    6873     1  0 13:11 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER_SCAN1 -inherit
oracle    6892     1  0 13:11 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit
[grid@rac1 ~]$

[grid@rac1 ~]$lsnrctl status LISTENER_SCAN1

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 15:13:48

Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER_SCAN1
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date                15-DEC-2011 13:11:15
Uptime                    0 days 2 hr. 2 min. 33 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac1/listener_scan1/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN1)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.25)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "oid.freeoraclehelp.com" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "oid1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "oid2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[grid@rac1 ~]$

[grid@rac2 ~]$ ps -ef|grep tnsl
oracle    5830     1  0 12:38 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER_SCAN3 -inherit
oracle    5833     1  0 12:38 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER_SCAN2 -inherit
oracle    5836     1  0 12:38 ?        00:00:00 /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/tnslsnr LISTENER -inherit
oracle    7423  7372  0 15:14 pts/1    00:00:00 grep tnsl
[grid@rac2 ~]$

[grid@rac2 ~]$ lsnrctl status LISTENER_SCAN2

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 15:14:04

Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN2)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER_SCAN2
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date                15-DEC-2011 12:38:45
Uptime                    0 days 2 hr. 35 min. 19 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac2/listener_scan2/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN2)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.23)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "oid.freeoraclehelp.com" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "oid1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "oid2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[grid@rac2 ~]$ lsnrctl status LISTENER_SCAN3

LSNRCTL for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production on 15-DEC-2011 15:14:06

Copyright (c) 1991, 2010, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Connecting to (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=IPC)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN3)))
STATUS of the LISTENER
------------------------
Alias                     LISTENER_SCAN3
Version                   TNSLSNR for Linux: Version 11.2.0.2.0 - Production
Start Date                15-DEC-2011 12:38:45
Uptime                    0 days 2 hr. 35 min. 21 sec
Trace Level               off
Security                  ON: Local OS Authentication
SNMP                      OFF
Listener Parameter File   /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/network/admin/listener.ora
Listener Log File         /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/log/diag/tnslsnr/rac2/listener_scan3/alert/log.xml
Listening Endpoints Summary...
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=ipc)(KEY=LISTENER_SCAN3)))
  (DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=tcp)(HOST=192.168.1.24)(PORT=1521)))
Services Summary...
Service "oid.freeoraclehelp.com" has 2 instance(s).
  Instance "oid1", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
  Instance "oid2", status READY, has 1 handler(s) for this service...
The command completed successfully
[grid@rac2 ~]$

How to rename SCAN in Cluster?

After the installation of the Oracle 11g R2 cluster with SCAN, If you need to change the scan name from scan.freeoraclehelp.com to newscan.freeoraclehelp.com, here is how.

1. Stop the SCAN: Source Grid home, srvctl stop scan_listener, and srvctl stop scan then.

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl stop scan_listener
[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl stop scan

2.  Configure the new SCAN in your DNS, or /etc/hosts, or GNS and make sure that lookups are working for the new name.

[root@rac2 ~]# nslookup newscan.freeoraclehelp.com
Server:         192.168.1.20
Address:        192.168.1.20#53

Name:   newscan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.32
Name:   newscan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.33
Name:   newscan.freeoraclehelp.com
Address: 192.168.1.34
[root@rac2 ~]#

3. Configure the Cluster to take the new VIPs
As root user on one of the cluster nodes (not needed on both the nodes):

[root@rac1 ~]# /oracle/product/11.2.0/11.2.0/grid/bin/srvctl modify scan -n newscan.freeoraclehelp.com
[root@rac1 ~]# 

As grid user on one of the cluster nodes (not needed on both the nodes):

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl modify scan_listener -u
[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start scan_listener

Verify that configuration is right and three SCAN listeners are started.

[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config scan
SCAN name: newscan.freeoraclehelp.com, Network: 1/192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0/eth0
SCAN VIP name: scan1, IP: /newscan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.34
SCAN VIP name: scan2, IP: /newscan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.33
SCAN VIP name: scan3, IP: /newscan.freeoraclehelp.com/192.168.1.32
[grid@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config scan_listener
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN1 exists. Port: TCP:1521
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN2 exists. Port: TCP:1521
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN3 exists. Port: TCP:1521
[grid@rac1 ~]$

How to rename SCAN Port in Cluster?

As grid user, source the grid environment to make sure $GRID_HOME/bin is in PATH and

1. Modify SCAN listener port:

[oid1@rac1 ~]$ srvctl modify scan_listener -p 1522

2. Restart SCAN listener so the new port will be effective:

[oid1@rac1 ~]$ srvctl stop scan_listener
[oid1@rac1 ~]$ srvctl start scan_listener

3. Confirm the change:

[oid1@rac1 ~]$ srvctl config scan_listener
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN1 exists. Port: TCP:1522
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN2 exists. Port: TCP:1522
SCAN Listener LISTENER_SCAN3 exists. Port: TCP:1522
[oid1@rac1 ~]$

Sobre Alexandre Pires

ORACLE OCS Goldengate Specialist, OCE RAC 10g R2, OCP 12C, 11g, 10g , 9i e 8i - Mais de 25 anos de experiência na área de TI. Participei de projetos na G&P alocado na TOK STOK, EDINFOR alocado na TV CIDADE "NET", 3CON Alocado no PÃO DE AÇUCAR, DISCOVER alocado na VIVO, BANCO IBI e TIVIT, SPC BRASIL, UOLDIVEO alocado no CARREFOUR e atualmente na ORACLE ACS atendendo os seguintes projetos: VIVO, CLARO, TIM, CIELO, CAIXA SEGUROS, MAPFRE, PORTO SEGURO, SULAMERICA, BRADESCO SEGUROS, BANCO BRADESCO, BASA, SANTANDER, CNJ, TSE, ELETROPAULO, EDP, SKY, NATURA, ODEBRESHT, NISSEI, SICREDI, CELEPAR, TAM, TIVIT, IBM, SMILES, CELEPAR, SERPRO,OKI,BANCO PAN, etc
Esse post foi publicado em ORACLE 11gR2, RAC e marcado , , . Guardar link permanente.

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